The retraction of an article is the removal of an already published article from a journal. This decision may be made by the article's author(s), the journal's editor, and/or the editorial board.
Retractions do not happen because of small editorial errors. An article would be corrected in this case.
Retractions reflect more serious issues with an article:
You may see a visual alert that an article has been retracted. Notice the alert includes the reasons the article was retracted.
Or you may see a notice of the article's retraction when reviewing an article's record.
This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal).
This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor in Chief of Personality and Individual Differences after concerns were raised with respect to the veracity of the data and analyses. While reanalyzing the dataset, the authors and a reader of the journal identified several errors that were made while computing some of the aggregate variables in this study. These errors impacted the results and conclusions of the article. Thus, in the best interests of science, knowledge creation/dissemination, and publication standards, the Editor has concluded it is necessary to retract the paper. The authors apologize in earnest for these errors.
There are several ways to find retracted articles or notices of retractions.
Retraction Watch reports on scientific paper retractions and maintains a database of retractions. Retraction Watch's parent organization, the Center for Scientific Integrity, promotes transparency in science and scientific publishing.
To get the most out of searching the database, look through the Retraction Watch Database User Guide. You will find a link to the database on this page.
In the Publication Type box, click on Corrected Article.
In Article Types, you can click on the following options:
In the Document Type box, click on the following:
Try using these keywords in a search:
"Retracted article" or retracted or "retraction notice"