Answered By: Trenia Napier
Last Updated: Apr 18, 2023     Views: 11

Article level metrics are an evolving area. Measures include the number of citations in social media sites, as well as open peer or crowd-based recommendations or reviews.  

  • Altmetrics is the term used to denote the social-media-based, article-level metrics.
  • See the boxes on the right for some examples of these measures.
  • For more information see the Altmetrics Manifesto.

Traditional Citations


The traditional proxy measure of impact, the citation, is applicable to the individual article as well. The number of times a given article is cited by other articles can be tracked in the traditional literature. Several databases offer the feature to find articles within their database that cite a given article.

NOTE: Each source of metrics may show different numbers due to differences in the sources they use.

Raw Data

Raw Data associated with an article is sometimes made available to other researchers for re-use. Resulting articles may cited the original article or the dataset itself. 

Social Media Citations

Citations to a given article may also appear in less traditional contexts such as in social media services. These services can be searched individually to gain numbers of references to an article: 

  • Twitter
  • Instagram
  • TikTok
  • Mendeley
  • Facebook
  • Blogs


There are aggregating services that report citation numbers from non-traditional, and sometimes traditional, sources. 


  • provides alternative metrics for recent articles, including news outlets, policy sources, blogs, and patents
  • Use the Altmetric bookmarket to get your Altmetric score on an article
  • Search for your profile on to see all of your altmetric data 


  • Aggregates diverse impacts from articles, datasets, blog posts, and more


  • Provides article-level metrics for each article it publishes
  • See the Metrics section of each article for article-level metrics (ALMs)

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